Birth Control Options
Today, many methods of birth control are available. When choosing a particular method, it is important to consider personal issues, such as the effectiveness of each method, how convenient each method is to use, how often you have sexual intercourse, your risk of contracting a sexually transmitted disease, your personal beliefs and your partner's feelings about birth control. Some methods include those listed below.
Please note that given the risks and benefits involved with birth control, it is important to discuss the risks and benefits with your healthcare professional to help choose the right method for you.
Hormonal forms of birth control are "The Pill" (oral contraceptives - a pill taken daily), "Vaginal Ring" (silicone ring inserted vaginally once a month), "The Patch" (a patch applied to the skin and changed weekly) and "injection" (there are two available - a monthly or every 3 months injection).
IUD (intrauerine device)
The IUD (intrauterine device) is a small device inserted into the uterus by a healthcare professional and is effective for 1 to 10 years depending on the type. Some IUD'S contain copper, others release small amounts of progesterone.
Barrier methods do not contain any hormones; these include the diaphragm, cervical cap, spermicides (creams, foams, jellies, suppositories) and condoms.
Natural Family Planning or Rhythm Method
Natural family planning or rhythm method consists of avoiding sex during the woman's fertile period which is determined by the calendar, basal body temperature and cervical mucus methods.
Sterilization can be performed in women (called a tubal ligation) and in men (called a vasectomy). Sterilization is meant to be a permanent form of birth control.